Some common expectations
In other words, what do you want your students to know and be able to do at the end of 5th grade?
What do the teachers in middle school, Jr. High or High School want your students to know and be able to do?
What do your students want to know and be able to do?
Your question then becomes "How do I help them master these skills?"
Here is an example of one teacher's plan:
I worked backwards in planning. I thought of where I wanted my students to be in June. For example: I want my 3rd graders to be able to work with quarters, eighths, half, dotted half and whole notes and all the rests. Then I blocked out the 10 months and created a goal for each month. Finally, I looked at my resources to see what I had to get us to the goal. I divided the categories into rhythm, composition, pitch, instruments, seasonal and about 4 other sections. I bought big sheets of tagboard and did it in pencil. It took me all summer, but what a great planning tool. I also wrote in the standard covered.