Music History III
In researching your topic, refer to the "Writing" link above for resources.
One page (your introduction, plus the beginning of your analysis) Example
Correct formatting of beginning of paper
1000 words minimum (excluding cover sheet, tables, illustrations, and bibliography)
Must include at least 1 example from the score. Do not copy an entire page from the score. Refer to specific measure/measures.
APA or Chicago formatting
Times New Roman 12 pt. font, 1 inch margins
Submit through Turnitin (see below)
Submit in Blackboard in the Assignments tab
Final copy: Submit through Turnitin: Class ID 4127798 Enrollment password MUSC328 (case sensitive)
Create an account
Enroll in a class
Click on the class name
Click on the Submit button to the right of the assignment name ("Analysis")
Select the "single file upload" from the "choose a paper submission method" menu
Enter your name for "submission title"
Click "browse" to find the file on your computer
Find the file on your computer and click "open"
Click "submit" to finalize the submission.
A few minutes after submitting, you will get an originality report. Don't be alarmed if your paper shows a low percentage (still in the green). Common phrases and titles will often show a match. If your report shows a higher percentage (in the yellow or red areas), see me.
Tips for Writing a Musical Analysis
The Goal: an analysis should be a clear account of the piece as you experience it. Additionally, it should provide insights that enhance your appreciation and instinctive response.
The Bottom Line: provide a harmonic, melodic, and formal analysis of your piece. Show "what's the same and what's different." Why do this? All music form is determined by repetition, contrast, and variety. Sameness ensures unity whereas differences promote interest.
Make a photocopy of your piece so that you can add Roman numerals (if applicable) and make any notes directly on the copy.
Listen to your piece at least 3-4 times a day to become completely familiar with it. Do this for at least a week. As you listen, try to answer these questions:
What do you like about the piece?
What is the "basic idea"? (a mood? interval? unusual harmonies or rhythms?) This will probably be the unifying element.
What are the prominent chords, harmonic areas, and/or scales? (label them with letters or, if possible, Roman numerals)
Make a diagram of the overall form on a separate piece of paper. (Most likely, the overall form is determined by large-scale changes in instrumentation, texture, key, and/or melody.) You will later include this diagram in the body of your written analysis. Here's one way to diagram overall form:
The Form of Debussy's String Quartet, Op. 10 (I)
|Section/mm.||Principal Divisions||Tonal Center|
1) theme 1 (mm. 1-12)
2) transition (mm. 13-25)
3) theme 2 (mm. 26-60)
Development (etc. . . .)
Writing It (General Plan: "Large-Small-Large")
A. Begin by describing overall mood and form. Then insert your diagram of the form and provide descriptions of:
separate elements, components, or sections (as determined by changes in key, texture, melody, etc.; you must always give formal determinants)
unity (i.e., how things are the same, list correspondences here)
contrast (i.e., how things are different)
B. Approximately in the middle of your analysis, describe in detail 1 or 2 small-scale passages.
These passages are musical examples or harmonic reductions, and they should be included in the body of your text.
Use computer notation
Label and number each example clearly (e.g., Example 1: mm. 1-12) and refer to it in the text.
Center musical examples and fit them within the margins of text
C. End by:
simply describing last section of the piece; or
describing what's unique or special about the overall piece (in light of other pieces by the composer or his/her contemporaries)
checking spelling, measure numbers
Other Things to Keep in Mind
Show your knowledge of conventional music theory as much as possible. Use octave identification, chord names (e.g., German augmented sixth, quartal), scale names (e.g., Dorian, octatonic), etc.
Abbreviate the words "measure" (e.g., m. 12) and "measures" (mm. 1-3).
Proceed systematically and chronologically through the piece; for example, don't discuss the coda before the exposition.
Use present tense throughout the analysis. Go through your paper and make sure all tenses agree.
Use Times New Roman font (12 point only).
Footnotes should be kept to a minimum.
Large works are italicized - movements are in quotation marks
Suggested Topics for Analysis
You may use one of these if you wish.
You may choose another topic, but do not begin without checking with me first.
|Organic Connections in Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5|
J. S. Bach’s Influence on Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto
Beethoven’s Influence on Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique
Schubert’s Setting of Goethe’s Erlking (or Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel)
Schumann’s Setting of Heine’s “Im wunderschönen Monat”
Schubert and Schumann: A Comparison of their Accompaniment Styles
Liszt and Chopin: A Comparison of Their Musical Styles
Comic Elements in Rossini’s Barber of Seville
Weber’s Symbolic Use of Harmony in Der Freischütz
Weber’s Depiction of the Supernatural in the Wolf’s Glen Scene of Der Freischütz
Programmatic Elements in the Fifth Movement of Symphonie fantastique
The Form of the Fifth Movement of Symphonie fantastiqueRussian Elements in Mussorgsky’s Boris Gudunov
Debussy's Variation Technique in Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
Debussy's Orchestration Technique in Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
Remembrances of a New England Past: An Analysis of "The Alcotts" by Charles Ives
Final Checklist for Term Paper
____ made all changes in the drafts and attached drafts to the paper?
____ included a bibliography?
____ read aloud the paper to hear any mistakes?
____ ran spell checker?
____ avoided contractions and abbreviations?
____ avoided action verbs with inanimate objects: “This articles tells us little.”
____ inserted page numbers?
____ numbered and titled all examples and illustrations?
____ referred to all examples and illustrations in your text?
____ used italics for complete works and quotes for parts of works?
____ used italics for foreign expressions not in standard use?
____ fixed hanging “this” by adding a noun?
____ kept “I” (first person) out?
____ checked word count?
____ submitted paper through Turnitin
Grading Rubric for Analysis Paper
Fair (Ok . . .)
Missing or unacceptable content
|Incomplete content (too short)|
Incorrect information or inconclusive analysis
Acceptable content, but too much opinion
Good content with a supported conclusion
Well-researched content, well supported by analysis to draw a conclusion
|Analysis attempted, but unacceptable|
Incorrect or incomplete analysis and/or problem with examples
Acceptable analysis, but needs more support or better examples
Good analysis, sufficient examples
Insightful analysis, well supported by appropriate examples
Paper unavailable or unacceptable writing style
Ideas unclear or cliché, lack of focus
Ideas clear but too conventional or general with little development
Ideas clear with sufficient development and generally organized
Ideas well-expressed, properly developed and coherently organized
Paper unavailable to grade writing form or unacceptable writing form
|Unacceptable writing form|
Multiple errors in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, spelling and sentence form
Several errors in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, spelling and sentence form
Minimal errors in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, spelling and sentence form
Correct punctuation, capitalization, grammar, spelling and sentence form
No citations and/or bibliography or paper unavailable to grade
|Citations and/or bibliography attempted without attention to form|
Multiple errors in formatting, citations, and bibliography
Several errors in formatting, citations, and bibliography
Minimal errors in formatting, citations, and bibliography
Correct formatting, citations, and bibliography
|Only one source|
Less than 3 sources
3 sources, but one or more of questionable reliability
At least 3 reliable sources
More than 3 reliable sources
"Where I Spend Most of My Red Ink"
Inconsistent use of verb tense
Incorrect use of verb tense; for example, when verb tense agrees with a noun in a prepositional phrase, but not with the subject of the sentence
Neither of the two compositions is a symphony.
Faulty parallelism: each idea in a series must match
Unclear pronoun reference: be clear to what or to whom you are referring when using pronouns Example: Because Senator Martin is less interested in the environment than in economic development, he sometimes neglects it.
Contractions - don't use them in a formal paper ;-)
Commas - See Snoopy illustration below
Who vs whom - if you can replace it with "he" or "she," then it should be "who"; if you can replace it with "him" or "her," then it should be "whom"
"Should" and "must" - If it is your opinion, back it up. If it is someone else's idea, cite it.
"Some say" or "It is said" phrases - who says?? In a formal paper, do not make such vague statements.
Although not all commas make such a crucial difference in meaning, here is an illustration of the necessity of the humble comma. The following sentence is interpreted by means of punctuation in two very different ways.
Woman without her man is nothing
1. Woman; without her, man is nothing.
2. Woman, without her man, is nothing.
Here's some "tongue in cheek" Grammar Advice and Dangling Modifiers