Research in Music Education I

MUSI 5341


Tarleton State University

Instructor:  Dr. Vicky V. Johnson   254/968-9238 (Office)

  Course Outline


Syllabus    Links    Tech Help    Assignments    Discussions    Course Readings   

Writing     APA     TSU Writing Center


Week #

Week Dates

All are Mon-Sun

Topic for Study



@ Midnight



@ Midnight

1Jan 17 - Jan 22

Introduction to Research

Discussion 1

Roger Bacon

Post: Fri Jan 20

Resp.: Sun Jan 22

Assignment 1

Assignment Worksheet

Sun Jan 22
2Jan 23 - Jan 29


Discussion 2

How can research benefit you?

Post: Fri Jan 27

Resp.: Sun Jan 29

Assignment 2

Scholarly Writing

Sun Jan 29
3Jan 30 - Feb 5

APA Style and Formatting

How to Find Stuff

Discussion 3

Resource Links

Post: Fri Feb 3

Resp.: Sun Feb 5

Assignment 3

Assignment on Course Readings

Sun Feb 5
4Feb 6 - Feb 12

Research Topic

Types of Research

Discussion 4

Research topics

Post: Fri Feb 10

Resp.: Sun Feb 12

Assignment 4

Research Types

Sun Feb 12
5Feb 13 - Feb 19

Parts of a Research Paper

Discussion 5

Research plan critiques

Post: Fri Feb 17

Resp.: Sun Feb 19

Assignment 5

Literature Review

Sun Feb 19
6Feb 20 - Feb 26

Research Proposal Draft

Discussion 6

Literature review critiques

Post: Fri Feb 24

Resp.: Sun Feb 26

Assignment 6

Research Proposal Draft

Sun Feb 26
7Feb 27 - Mar 5

Revise Research Proposal

Discussion 7

Research Proposal Critiques

Post: Fri Mar 3

Resp.: Sun Mar 5

Assignment 7

Glossary of Research Terminology

Sun Mar 5
8Mar 6 - Mar 10

Final Research Proposal

Discussion 8

Course Reflections

Post: Fri Mar 10

Resp.: Sun Mar 12

Assignment 8

Final Research Proposal

Fri Mar 10


Week 1



Greetings online students!  


Welcome to Research in Music Education I 


Please follow the link to review the Syllabus which contains grading and policy information.  Let me know if you have any questions.  Unless they refer to personal matters or grading issues, a good place to ask questions is the "Ask Dr. J" section in the Discussion forum in Blackboard. 


Please read these instructions about the Discussions


On this Course Outline page, you will find links to the lectures for each week, as well as any general announcements to the class.   The animated bullets to the right will designate "action" items, so be sure you accomplish these each week.  There is an overview calendar at the top of this page for quick reference. 


Be aware that this is an organic document.  It WILL change.  You are responsible for what is on this page, not a hard copy that you printed off in the first week of the course.




If you come across mistakes in the web pages in this course or dead links, I would appreciate it if you would let me know!





Now, click in to the first lecture, and let's get started!


Lecture:  Introduction to Music Research



If you have any questions, remember to use the 'Ask Dr. J' forum under 'Discussions.'  Others probably have the same questions you do.  However, if you don't receive a response within 24 hours, or if you need a quicker answer, feel free to email me directly at



Blackboard/Computer configuration


In order to bring a little bit of "face-to-face" into our class experience, please attach a photo of yourself inside Blackboard:

  • Click on your name on the top right of the page

  • Click Settings, Personal Information, Personalize My Settings, Use custom avatar image

  • Browse your computer to choose a photo and attach the file.  (Although it may express your personality to choose a cartoon character or a picture of your dog, please choose a photo of yourself.  OK, the dog can be in the photo, too.)

Disregard these instructions if you are in the Witness Protection Program.


Please consider getting the Blackboard app for your mobile device (phone or tablet).  This is a handy way to keep up with the course, including notifications of new content or messages.


If you haven't joined the TSU Master of Music in Music Education Facebook group, please do so.  Faculty will be posting announcements there and it's a great opportunity to join a community of those who are dealing with the same challenges that you may face.  Follow the link below and request to be in the group:


Bellman, Chapter 6, “Research in Music,” pp. 92-115.


See the Syllabus for information about the textbook and other required materials.


Assignment 1: 

Complete the Assignment 1 Worksheet after you have completed the assigned reading.


Be sure to answer the questions in detail using complete sentences and other correct writing practices.


Submit your paper in Word document form as an attachment in the Assignment tab in Blackboard.  Name the file Assignment1_YourName (substituting your name, of course ;-) and submit by the deadline on Sunday at midnight.



Discussion 1: 


After reading Lecture 1, relate an example for each of Roger Bacon's "4 Chief Obstacles to the Truth."  I have provided one example for each in the lecture notes.  Try to be as specific as possible, with a personal example or one you have observed.  (Note:  don't use the examples I have given you in the lecture; use your own.  Also, try to use a different example than those that have already been posted). Your original discussion post should completely answer the question; provide 4 examples.  For your responses, analyze your peers' examples for accurate categorization and offer additional comments.


Note:  Please recopy each of the 4 Chief Obstacles prior to your answers for clarity (and it helps all of us to review them ;-)  Also, be sure that your examples specify the "truth" that is being thwarted.  In other words, your answers are examples of obstacles.  What is the truth that is being obstructed?


See the rubric in the Discussion section for point values.  Normally, the sooner you post your original answer, the more points you get.  However, since this is a short week, I will give everyone the maximum points who post their original answer by Friday.  The deadline for all responses is Sunday at midnight.


Please review all instructions about the Discussions before posting.


Week 2 



Keep in mind these memorable quotes from your reading:

  • "One of the most basic rules of writing is that an author never make statements he or she is not prepared to defend." (p. 4)

  • "Readers have a right to believe that what they are reading is based on more than the author's opinion, even when it is clearly an opinion piece." (p. 17)

  • "Those authors "who merely vent unfounded opinions and gut feelings (in essence, running off at the pen) are wasting the reader's time." (p. 17)

  • "never make the reader doubt your ability." (p. 18)

  • "Make it concise, make it elegant, make it compelling." (p. 20)

  • "The primary requirements for writing about music are clear listening and thinking, knowledge of one's audience, and an awareness of one's own limitations." (p. 39)

After reading your assigned material for this week, please go back to Lecture 1 and review the introductory material on Research.  Has your perception  of research changed since you read it the first time?



Lecture:  Writing


Heads up!:
Begin compiling a Glossary of Research Terminology - this will be an ongoing project throughout the course to be turned in as Assignment 7 at the end of Week 7.  You will be graded on the thoroughness and usability of your document.  Format it for ease and usability.  As you read each lecture and reading assignment, keep a running list of research terms.  These should be the terms that you encounter that are less familiar.  With a handy glossary, you can easily review and learn the terms that you need to understand and write effective research.





How do I write everything I need to say in such a short paper??


  1. Write as if there is no limit.  Don't try so hard to limit at first.  When you have all of your content included,
  2. Take out filler phrases and unnecessary words. For example, "As was previously discussed, . . . " is not necessary in a short paper.
  3. Reword sentences to be more direct.  For example, instead of "It was decided that . . ." use "Smith decided . . ."





  1. Bellman, Chapter 1, “Writing about Music,” pp. 1-20.

  2. Bellman, Chapter 2, “Writing about Music by, and for, Those Who Cannot (Necessarily) Read It,” pp. 21-39.

  3. Bellman, Chapter 4, “Three Kinds of Practical Writing,” pp. 56-71.



Assignment 2: 


A.  Scholarly writing:  Choose any topic related to music education and write one page (seriously, ONLY one page) in what you consider to be a scholarly writing style.  Apply all content from the Writing page to your paper.  You will have to be direct and concise in order to address your topic in one page.  Identify your topic immediately and don't waste space using long phrases and flowery language. Sometimes it is difficult to be concise.  You must leave out all unnecessary words and filler phrases.


Woodrow Wilson was once asked how long it took him to prepare his speeches.  He said: "It depends. If I am to speak ten minutes, I need a week for preparation; if fifteen minutes, three days; if half an hour, two days; if an hour, I am ready now."


Use one inch margins, 12-point Times New Roman font, and double spaced.  Other than that, I will not be particularly picky about formatting. 

That begins next week!!

B.  Note the "Heads up" to your left.  Start that assignment now to turn in later.


C.  For your sake (and mine ;-):  Each time you receive feedback from me or your peers on an assignment or a discussion post, keep a running list of your writing errors to use as a checklist on the next submission.  It's just silly to keep making the same errors over and over.  This writing checklist will serve as a reminder to check the specific errors that you have made in the past. Here is a template for you to use.  This is not a suggestion.  You will also turn this in later in Week 7.


APA Style

We now have some valuable tools (thanks to the library) to build APA formatting/writing skills.  The first step is for you to get an overview.  This may be a review for some of you who have been in the program for a while; to others, it is new territory.

1. In the menu to your left in Blackboard, choose APA Style

2. Tutorials

3. Getting Started with APA Style


Go through the tutorial and make some notes as you will be responsible for all of this information from this point forward.


There are lots of tutorials and also some Quick Guides under APA Style.  They are there for you to use as resources, so please look around and go through them as time permits.  There are also some tests.  More about that next week!


Discussion 2: 


You are all music teachers or plan to be music teachers.  How can learning to read research and learning to do research be of benefit to you in your music education career?  I encourage you to go beyond your "off the cuff" answers by doing some research!  See what's out there on this topic and synthesize that with your own experiences and expertise to answer the question.  Give some examples of research you have read and/or used.  This discussion will


Post your list in the Discussion tab.  This discussion will be graded for completion only.  Responses are not required, but are encouraged.


Week 3


 Lecture:  APA Style and Formatting




Assignment Grading and Feedback



Note:  When you view your papers that I have graded, make sure that you can see my comments written in the margins of your papers in Blackboard. 



Lecture:  How to Find Stuff


Music Research Journals


For next week, be thinking about choosing a research topic.






APA Assessments

These assessments are in the APA Style section of your Blackboard menu.  

When you click on one of the assessments, you may get an error message that says:

Popup Blocked

You can just click the button that says "Launch Course" and all will be well!

Answer the questions in each assessment (there aren't many).  If you miss some, you can take the quiz as many times as you want in order to get a good grade.  These grades will show up in the gradebook in Blackboard just like the rest and will be averaged together for one major grade.

You do not have to finish all of them this week.

The deadline for finishing them (there are 7) is the end of Week 4

Find the answers for these quizzes in the Tutorials, Quick Guides, and in your APA Manual.

My hope is that these APA resources and quizzes will help you to avoid writing and formatting errors in all of your future papers and assignments.



Bellman, Chapter 8, “Style,” pp. 135-160
APA Manual, pp. 87-114


Assignment 3


A.  From the course readings below (at the bottom of this page), choose 2 articles that interest you.  Read them carefully and write one page on each one that addresses these questions:


1.  What were the basic findings?

2.  Why is this type of research of interest?

3.  How can the findings of the study benefit music education?


Use this Assignment Template to get you started.  This is formatted in APA style, but without an abstract or other sections that will not be necessary until later. Give your paper a title like "A Review of Two Articles" so that your running head can be the same throughout.  Use in-text citations when you refer to your two articles and include the two articles in your reference section at the end of your paper.


I challenge you in this assignment NOT to use the words 'I' or 'my' in your writing.  Try to be as objective as possible in your assessment of each article.


In addition to the APA lecture this week, review the Writing lecture from last week for guidelines on academic writing.


Submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file Assignment3_YourName and submit by the deadline on Sunday at midnight.  Do not submit as two separate documents, but as one Word document.  It is not necessary to have two separate cover sheets, etc. Excluding your cover sheet and a reference page at the end, you should have only 2 pages of text. I will not grade an assignment that exceeds that amount, even if only by a line or two.  Make it fit!


B.  After reading the APA lecture, play the following games:


APA Psych Out (play at least 4 times)

APA Citation Game (all of the APA links in the Citation Game Index, but not the MLA ones)

This part of the assignment will not be graded, but you are responsible for the information learned in the exercises.

APA Assessments

Follow the instructions on the left side of the page and complete the APA Assessments.


Discussion 3: 


Everyone is pretty tech-savvy these days.  I'm sure you have bookmarked some great resources on the internet that would be of interest to your fellow classmates.  List 5 web pages or sites that could be useful in a research endeavor.  They might include sources of data, instructions or how-tos regarding research, link lists, information on music education topics, or any page that would be a worthy bookmark for this course.   For each link, give the URL, a brief description of the site/page, and why it would be useful in carrying on music education research.

Note:  Please do not include those sites that are useful, but do not relate to music education research such as vendors' sites, blogs, forums, how-to sites, etc.


Post your list in the Discussion tab.  This discussion will be graded for completion only.  Responses are not required, but are encouraged.


Week 4




From this point forward, be sure to format everything in APA Style. 


Refer to your APA Style manual for all of those devilish details!


Note:  If you have trouble finding any of the course readings, post your question in the Ask Dr. J forum.  For these questions, I'm going to ask your classmates to give you some assistance, so if you can offer some help, please do so.  Don't post a direct URL link to help others, but offer directions on how to find the source (or where you found it) if others need assistance.




Lecture:  Research Topic



For examples on focused topics, go to the TSU Library page:

In the Discovery @ Tarleton blank, type in a search word that is of interest to you.

Look through the list of articles that have been written about that topic. 


Notice how specific the titles are!



Lecture:  Types of research


Which type of research would your project be?







From the list under Course Reading, choose 5 articles, use the library databases to locate them, and read them.



Assignment 4:  APA Assessments

The deadline for completing the APA Assessments is the end of this week.  Remember that you can take the quizzes multiple times in order to improve your grade.


Discussion 4: 


After reading the lecture for this week, come up with two research topics that you are interested in exploring. For each research topic, devise a research question and explain your rationale. What test will you use to answer the question?  Follow the guidelines included in this week's lecture.  Post this information in the discussion forum. You should respond to your classmates by helping them refine their research questions and to choose which one would work best in a research project. 


Remember, a rationale is not why you are interested in a topic or why you want to know, but why the study is important to the discipline and justification as to why it should be done.


Remember that your topic should be very specific, so narrow your focus.  Your research question should also be one that can be measured and/or tested.  Go back and re-read the lecture on Research Topic to test your ideas before submitting them.


Note:  Now is the time to begin searching for sources on your research topics (research that has already been done on the subject).  Review How to Find Stuff for assistance.  This is the best way to be informed and to be able to focus your research question.  Also, your assignment next week will be a literature review, so be sure to begin an Annotated Bibliography for your own use.


See the rubric in the Discussion section for point values.  The sooner you post your original answer, the more points you get.  The deadline for all responses is Sunday at midnight.

Week 5


Reread "The Author's Opinion:  Clarity and Restraint" beginning on p. 17 of your text



Lecture:  Parts of a Research Paper

Why a Twitter assignment?

I'm not a Twitter fan, but just like our assignment to write ONLY one page, brevity requires clarity. 

You have to really understand your topic to answer these questions in 140 characters each.

Remember that spaces and punctuation also count as characters. 

Use "Word Count" under the Review tab in Word to get an exact count.

Can't wait to see what you come up with!


Notes on Assignment 5

Having graded many of these in the past, here are some writing/formatting errors that students make that cause their grade to plummet (that are easy to avoid):

  • Using direct quotes when paraphrase or synthesis is possible.  This is a biggie!

  • Capitalizing every word in the titles in their reference list.  Check out your APA manual, p. 50 for examples.

  • Stating your opinions or making editorial comments in the Literature Review section

  • Leaving out words, typos in sentences (PROOF-READ!!)

  • Not using a title on the first page

  • Not right-justifying the page numbers (all the way to the right 1-inch margin)

  • Using contractions

  • Using personal pronouns



APA Manual: Chapter 6 (p. 169-189)

Phillips:  Chapter 3 "Reading Research" (pp. 30-45)


Assignment 5


Write an introduction to your paper and a literature review of at least 6 articles based on your research topic (2000 words).  Do not use the articles from last week unless they are integral to your topic.  Six is the minimum, but you should use all that inform your topic.  Use the "Discovery @ Tarleton" search box from the Tarleton library page (, using key words for a good place to begin.  Refer to the "Literature Review" section of this weeks' lecture for additional information on how to write a literature review.


Use this Research Proposal Template.  This is the template for you to use for your final research proposal, but for this assignment, you can just delete any unnecessary portions.  However, don't use "Literature Review" as your running head or title.  Use the title of your paper.  Include the resources you have chosen in the References list at the end of your paper.  Notice that this assignment will be graded with a different rubric (the same one that will be used for your final proposal (Assignment 8).


Before submitting this assignment, I will also be asking you to submit your papers through Turnitin.  Although I believe all of you to be persons of integrity, checking your writing this way helps you to know what text you may be using that should be cited. 


Turnitin Instructions


After reviewing the Turnitin report, submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file Assignment5_YourName and submit by the deadline on Sunday at midnight.


Discussion 5: 


For your original post, choose one of your two research topics from last week.  Give your research project a title. 


Create a Twitter post (don't post it on Twitter) consisting of 140 characters for each of the four parts listed below.  You do not restate the parts, but they are to be evident when stated:


The four parts:

1. An Introduction/Background statement that clearly communicates the need for this study

2. Thesis Statement, Question, or Objective - clear, crisp, and unambiguously stated

3. What is the method, test, or tool that you will use to prove or disprove your thesis statement, question, or objective?

4. State the expectation that the results of the method, test, or tool will support or refute the thesis statement, question, or objective


Feel free to include hashtags for our benefit, understanding, or amusement.


For your responses, critique others' posts.  Make suggestions regarding clarity, "do-ability" (is this project possible/reasonable/valuable?)  Is the plan as outlined complete?  Do you detect possible problems?  Remember you are not just trying to find fault, but are offering assistance.  Read this information about Critiques before posting.  Remember that only useful responses will receive credit.  "That's a great topic . . . " posts, although encouraging, will not be counted towards your grade.


See the rubric in the Discussion section for point values.  The sooner you post your original answer, the more points you get.  The deadline for all responses is Sunday at midnight.


Week 6


No lecture this week.


Depending upon your specific research type,

refer to your Phillips text for guidelines in constructing your research proposal.


As you read, continue constructing your Glossary of Research Terminology,

which you will turn in next week as Assignment 7


Phillips, Chapter 2, “The Research Study,” (pp. 16-29)


Assignment 6


Research proposal first draft (3000 words)

Use this Research Proposal Template.

Note:  'First draft' does not imply that it should be incomplete or lack proper formatting.  It just means that you will have one more opportunity to revise before receiving a final grade.  Be aware that you may need to add more references to your literature review if you did the minimum required for Assignment #5.


Before submitting this assignment, please submit your papers through Turnitin once more. 


Turnitin Instructions


If your report shows in the yellow range or above, revise your paper before submitting (you may have too many direct quotes or used others' content inappropriately).  After reviewing the Turnitin report, submit your paper by the deadline on Sunday at midnight.  I will read through your papers and give some general feedback.  However, I will not give you a grade on your proposal until you submit the revised version at the end of Week 8.


Discussion 6: 


Post your literature review in the discussion forum.  Your original post grade this week will be based upon your Critiques of your classmates' lit reviews.  Choose at least three (this is the minimum for your grade, but more feedback is welcome and appreciated) to critique.  The best suggestions  are those that actually cause your classmates to change something!  Please do not just find one or two small edits and call it a day!  If you do, you will receive a low score on the discussion rubric.  Pretend you are me and do a thorough critique!


See the rubric in the Discussion section for point values.  The sooner you post your original answer, the more points you get.  The deadline for all responses is Sunday at midnight.


Week 7






Revise your research proposal


Be sure to revisit this link:


Final Draft Checklist and Where I Spend Most of My Red Ink



Note:   The final proposal is due on Friday of next week, not Sunday.

I cannot give any extensions as grades must be submitted on Monday.




No reading assignment


Assignment 7: 

A.  Revise your research proposal

Based upon your classmates' critiques in the discussion forum this week, make revisions to your research proposal.  You will not turn in the revised version until next week.  Your Assignment 7 grade will be from your Glossary (below).


B.  Turn in your Glossary of Research Terminology and your Writing Checklist (see Week 2).  Combine your glossary and checklist into one Word document (you can just copy and paste your checklist to the bottom of the glossary.  Name the file Assignment7_YourName and submit by the deadline on Sunday at midnight.


Discussion 7: 


Post your research proposal to the discussion forum.  Your discussion grade this week will be based upon your Critiques of your classmates' proposals.  Choose at least three (this is the minimum for your grade, but more feedback is welcome and appreciated) to critique.  Choose different classmates to critique than in Discussion 6 if you can.  Provide extensive suggestions to your classmates that will help them improve their proposals.


See the rubric in the Discussion section for point values.  The sooner you post your original answer, the more points you get.  The deadline for all responses is Sunday at midnight.


Week 8

No lecture or reading this week.


Please take the time to review the lecture below to ensure that you have

met the requirements for your final paper.


Research Proposal






Final project due Friday at midnight


Challenge:  How much did you learn in this course?

Research I Crossword Puzzle


Let me know if any of you are able to finish it


Assignment 8:

Turn in your final research proposal  


Apply all feedback that you have received from me and from your classmates.  Then re-read aloud your entire proposal.  Make final edits and corrections.  Submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file ResearchProposal_YourName and submit by the deadline on Friday at midnight.


Discussion 8: 


Please take this opportunity to share with me and your classmates your reflections regarding this semesters' coursework, the master's program in general, and anything we can do to improve your learning experience as you continue in the program.


This discussion will not be graded, but your participation will be of value to the faculty to continue to improve our program.  Thank you for your feedback!



It has been a privilege to have each of you in this course.  Enjoy a well-deserved break!

Note to VVJ: Pull WEAVE data


Blackboard/Computer Configuration


Be sure and configure your computer BEFORE you need to submit an assignment.  If you have trouble submitting, call tech support. 


For tech problems and questions, go to  Tech Help  or call 254/968-1960.  Toll free number is 1-866-744-8900 (Option 3).

Your student fees pay for this service, so CALL THEM!  Post the number by your computer and utilize these experts.  They can remote into your  computer if need be.  Don't be frustrated.  Call them.


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Assignment Submission


Submit assignments as  specified in the Course Outline.  Sometimes assignments will be requested as Word documents (to be uploaded as attachments) and other times to be submitted directly into the submission blank.  Do not try to submit any document without saving it first.  Be sure and save it to a folder where you can retrieve it later.  Sometimes resubmissions are necessary.


Save the document as Assignment1_YourName.doc (substituting the correct week and correct assignment number and using your own name :-)


Follow instructions on the Course Outline.  Make sure that each assignment has your name on it.  Follow the instructions on the Course Outline.  If a cover sheet is required, your name will go there.  If not, put your name on the first line of the Assignment.


Occasionally your assignments may be returned to you for a redo or for revisions.  Make your corrections and resubmit through the Assignment section as before.


 Here's the step-by-step process to submit a Word document assignment:
  1. Click on the ‘Assignments’ tab in the menu to your left.
  2. Click on ‘Assignment 1’
  3. Under ‘Submission,’ click on ‘Add attachments’
  4. Click on ‘Computer’ (it may take a minute to load so that you can see it)
  5. Navigate to wherever you have your file saved and click on that
  6. Click on ‘Open’
  7. It will then be attached and will take you back to the Assignment page. You should see the name of your file just above the ‘Add Attachments’ button.
  8. You can add a comment if you like, but it isn’t required.
  9. Click on ‘Submit’ and you are done.

Research Proposal Rubric



A-level qualities

B-level qualities

C-level qualities

F-level qualities
(below 70)


Builds very effectively on assignments completed during the modules of the course; makes good use of mentor and classmate feedback for an improved product

Builds adequately on assignments completed during the modules of the course; generally makes good use of mentor and classmate comments

Does not build adequately on assignments completed during the modules of the course; these is little evidence that mentor or classmate comments were heeded

Does not build on assignments completed in the course; product digresses or is generally confusing

Application of concepts/Strength of analysis

Applies course concepts extremely effectively, creating a full and informed research proposal; analysis of the problem is sophisticated, accurate, and thorough; discussion is exceptionally skilled

Applies course concepts throughout, creating an effective research proposal; analysis of the problem is insightful and essentially accurate; discussion is skilled

Misapplies course concepts or applies them infrequently; analysis is basic or general; discussion is haphazard or cursory

Fails to apply course concepts; proposal is very poorly executed or completely inadequate; analysis is missing.

Format and Content

Develops proposal as assigned and includes all items in a highly effective manner; develops all items thoroughly

Develops proposal as assigned and includes all items (though some may be developed less effectively than others)

Does not fully develop proposal as assigned; several items are missing or sections include inappropriate information

Proposal is undeveloped or is missing many format items; proposal does not relate to the assignment


Arranges ideas clearly and logically to support the purpose or argument; ideas flow smoothly and are effectively linked; reader can follow the line of reasoning

Arranges ideas adequately to support the purpose or argument; links between ideas are generally clear; reader can follow the line of reasoning for the most part

Arranges ideas adequately, in general, although ideas sometimes fail to make sense together; reader remains fairly clear about what writer intends

Arranges ideas illogically; ideas frequently fail to make sense together; reader cannot identify a line of reasoning and becomes frustrated or loses interest

APA format

Documents sources using APA format accurately and consistently

Documents sources using APA format with minor violations

Reflects incomplete knowledge of APA format

Does not use APA format

Writing mechanics

Writing demonstrates a sophisticated clarity, conciseness, and correctness

Writing is accomplished in terms of clarity and conciseness and contains only a few errors

Writing lacks clarity or conciseness and contains numerous errors

Writing is unfocused, rambling, or contains serious errors



In order to post your paper to the site, you will need to create a profile and join the “Master of Music in Music Education” class.

The login page is here:

Click to create a user profile.  In the next window, "Create a New Account" and choose "Student"

If you already have a profile, just log in to your account and look for the button that says, "enroll in a class."

Your class ID number is 6195107.

Enrollment password is TSUMM

How to submit your paper:

  1. Click on the class name

  2. Click on the Submit button to the right of the assignment name (paper)

  3. Select the “single file upload” from the “choose a paper submission method” menu

  4. Enter your name for “submission title”

  5. Click browse to find the file on your computer

  6. Find the file on your computer and click open

  7. Click  upload

  8. Click submit to finalize the submission


A few minutes after submitting, you will get an originality report.  Don’t be alarmed if your report shows a low percentage (still in the green).  Common phrases and titles will often show a match, but check those for fair use.  If your report shows a higher percentage (in the yellow or red areas), you may need to revise your paper or add more citations.

If you need additional instructions, follow these links - they have a training center and a help center




Course Readings

Abrahams, F. (2005). The application of critical pedagogy to music teaching and learning: A literature review. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 23(2), 12-22.

Abril, C. R., & Gault, B. M. (2008). The state of music in secondary schools: The principal's perspective. Journal of Research in Music Education, 56(1), 68-81. doi: 10.1177/0022429408317516

Creech, A., & Hallam, S. (2009). Interaction in instrumental learning: The influence of interpersonal dynamics on parents. International Journal of Music Education, 27(2), 94-106. doi: 10.1177/0255761409102318

de Vries, P. (2011). An 8-year-old’s engagement with preferred music: A case study. Research Studies in Music Education. doi: 10.1177/1321103x11424195

Ester, D. P. (2004). Raising the standards music teacher education in a performance-based world. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 14(1), 34-38. doi: 10.1177/10570837040140010107

Fredrickson, W. E., & Hackworth, R. S. (2005). Analysis of first-year music teachers' advice to music education students. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 23(2), 4-11.

Hanna, W. (2007). The new Bloom's taxonomy: Implications for music education. Arts Education Policy Review, 108(4), 7-16.

Harris, E. L. (2006). Teaching music theory in the traditional wind band rehearsal: A rationale, survey of materials, and recommendations. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and These database. (UMI No. 1379527961)

Jellison, J. A. (2005). It's about time. Arts Education Policy Review, 106(5), 29-36. 

Jones, P. M. (2006). Returning music education to the mainstream: Reconnecting with the community. Visions of Research in Music Education, 7(January 2006).

Juchniewicz, J. (2010). The influence of social intelligence on effective music teaching. Journal of Research in Music Education, 58(3), 276-293. doi: 10.1177/0022429410378368

Kindall-Smith, M., McKoy, C. L., & Mills, S. W. (2011). Challenging exclusionary paradigms in the traditional musical canon: Implications for music education practice. International Journal of Music Education, 29(4), 374-386. doi: 10.1177/0255761411421075

Liljeström, S., Juslin, P. N., & Västfjäll, D. (2012). Experimental evidence of the roles of music choice, social context, and listener personality in emotional reactions to music. Psychology of Music. doi: 10.1177/0305735612440615

Miksza, P., Roeder, M., & Biggs, D. (2010). Surveying Colorado band directors’ opinions of skills and characteristics important to successful music teaching. Journal of Research in Music Education, 57(4), 364-381. doi: 10.1177/0022429409351655

Miranda, M. L. (2002). The seasons of kindergarten: Developmentally appropriate practice in the kindergarten music classroom. D.M.A., Arizona State University, United States -- Arizona. Retrieved from

Napoles, J. (2006). The relationship between type of teacher talk and student attentiveness. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 16(1), 7-19. doi: 10.1177/10570837060160010103

Orman, E. K. (2002). Comparison of the national standards for music education and elementary music specialists' use of class time. Journal of Research in Music Education, 50(2), 155.

Regelski, T. (2002). On "methodolatry" and music teaching as critical and reflective praxis. Philosophy of Music Education Review, 10(2), 102-123.

Reifinger, J. L. (2012). The acquisition of sight-singing skills in second-grade general music. Journal of Research in Music Education, 60(1), 26-42. doi: 10.1177/0022429411435683

Ruddock, E. (2012). 'Sort of in your blood': Inherent musicality survives cultural judgment. Research Studies in Music Education. doi: 10.1177/1321103x12461747

Wang, C. C., & Sogin, D. W. (1997). Self-reported versus observed classroom activities in elementary general music. Journal of Research in Music Education, 45(3), 444-456.

Westervelt, T. G. (2001). An investigation of harmonic and improvisation readiness among upper elementary-age school children. Ph.D., Temple University, United States -- Pennsylvania. Retrieved from

Williamson, V. J., Jilka, S. R., Fry, J., Finkel, S., Müllensiefen, D., & Stewart, L. (2011). How do “earworms” start? Classifying the everyday circumstances of Involuntary Musical Imagery. Psychology of Music. doi: 10.1177/0305735611418553





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