Foundations of Music Education


Tarleton State University

Instructor:  Dr. Vicky V. Johnson   254/968-9238

MUSI 5340  Course Outline

  Syllabus    Links    Tech Help    Assignments    Discussions    Writing   APA  APATemplate    Turnitin     Final Project

Week #

Week Dates

All are Mon-Sun

Topic for Study



@ Midnight



@ Midnight

1Oct 23 - 29Introduction to Foundations of Music Education

Discussion 1

Post: Fri Oct 27

Resp.: Sun Oct 29

Assignment 1

Sun Oct 29
2Oct 30 - Nov 5History of Music Education

Discussion 2

Post: Fri Nov 3

Resp.: Sun Nov 5

Assignment 2

Sun Nov 5
3Nov 6 - 12Philosophies of Music Education

Discussion 3

Post: Fri Nov 10

Resp.: Sun Nov 12

Assignment 3

Sun Nov 12
4Nov 13 - 19Curriculum in Music Education

Discussion 4

Post: Fri Nov 17

Resp.: Sun Nov 19

Assignment 4

Sun Nov 19
5Nov 20 - 26Learning Theories in Music Education

Discussion 5

Post: Fri Nov 24

Resp.: Sun Nov 26

Assignment 5

Sun Nov 26
6Nov 27 - Dec 3Teaching in Music Education

Discussion 6

Post: Fri Dec 1

Resp.: Sun Dec 3


Sun Dec 3
7Dec 4 - Dec 10Recent Developments in Music Education

Discussion 7

Post: Fri Dec 8

Resp.: Sun Dec 10

Assignment 6

Final Project Paper

Sun Dec 10
8Dec 11 - 15Now What?

Discussion 8

Post: Fri Dec 15

Resp.: Fri Dec 15

Assignment 7

Final Project Critiques

Fri Dec 15

Week 1


Greetings online students!  


Welcome to Foundations of Music Education 


Please follow the link to review the Foundations of Music Education Syllabus which contains grading and policy information.  Let me know if you have any questions.  Unless they refer to personal matters or grading issues, a good place to ask questions is the "Ask Dr. J" section in the Discussion forum in Blackboard. 



Please read these instructions about the Discussions


On this Course Outline page, you will find links to the lecture for each week, as well as any general announcements to the class.   The animated bullets to the right will designate "action" items, so be sure you accomplish these each week.  There is an overview calendar at the top of the page for quick reference. 


Be aware that this is an organic document.  It WILL change.  You are responsible for what is on this page, not a hard copy that you printed off in the first week of the course. 


So be careful about working too far ahead as assignments and requirements may change!



Now, click in to the first lecture, and let's get started!


Lecture:  Introduction to Foundations of Music Education





If you come across mistakes in the web pages in this course or dead links, I would appreciate it if you would let me know!




NOTE:  If you have any trouble submitting your assignment in Blackboard, switch to a different browser and try again!




Blackboard/Computer configuration

  1. Click on "My Blackboard" (upper right of your screen) to go back to the first screen.  Click on "Check Browser" and follow the instructions.

  2. Follow this link to familiarize yourself with the Blackboard interface.

  3. Add a picture of yourself that will show up as an icon on your posts

    1. Click the arrow next to your name in the page header to access the global navigation menu.
    1. Click the empty profile image or your existing image to access your profile.
    1. Agree to the Blackboard Social End User Terms (only have to do this once)
    1. Add your primary email address to the next popup
    1. Set up a MyEdu account (if you don't have one already)  I suggest choosing "My Institution" for privacy settings
    1. On the profiles page, click the Settings & Privacy link.
    2. The Settings & Privacy section appears in the right panel. Click Change Picture to upload an image from your computer.
    3. Click Save.
  4. To access the Tarleton network remotely, download the Tarleton VPN Client:

While on the network, you will have access to full texts of journal articles - crucial when you are researching topics and writing papers requiring citations.



There will be no reading assignment this week.  Make sure you have your textbook ready for the first reading assignment next week.  See the Syllabus for information about the textbook.


Assignment 1: 

Create a PowerPoint presentation to introduce yourself


Submit this by midnight on Sunday to "Assignment 1" in Blackboard.  I will "publish" these after submission for your classmates to view next week.  This assignment will only be graded for completion and will not receive a numerical grade that counts.  However, you will receive a grade just for your own information.


Here are some Tips for your PowerPoint IntroductionBe sure to read these!!


Notes on Assignment 1


Some of you may have experience using PowerPoint, but some may not.  Reasons for this assignment include:

  • Pictures speak louder than words.  An online class depends upon interaction for an optimal learning experience.  Your biographical presentation will help us all to connect with you personally and with your unique experiences in music education.

  • Powerpoint is a standard tool for presentations of scholarly work.  We would be remiss if we did not expose you, even in this informal capacity, to its use.

  • At the end of your coursework in this master's program, you will have to present a proposal to the graduate faculty of your thesis or curricular project for approval.  This is part of your comprehensive examination and will include a PowerPoint

If you have previously constructed an introductory PowerPoint for another course, feel free to use it.  Look through it and see if you can make some improvements before submitting.  Be sure to read the Tips!


Discussion 1: 

After reading through the first lecture, answer this question:


What questions might the alien ask about your teaching situation in your school? List at least 5.  The point of this question is to try to find the truly objective perspective of someone from the outside, so don't concern yourself with the type of alien, etc.  However, I'm not talking about parents or school personnel.  Don't use this as a rant about the thoughtless questions you are routinely asked. 


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


Week 2 

Lecture:  History of Music Education


Info on Assignment 2

Although the paper does not have to be very long, you should use formal language, proper formatting, and list your sources in a bibliography at the end.  Here is a link to a page that includes some Writing tips.


Beginning with this first assignment, all assignments in this course should adhere to APA Style.  This includes details like:

  1. Double space throughout the paper:  no exceptions (instructions here)

  2. Two spaces between every sentence (instructions here)


Use the checklist linked at right for this and every assignment.  The first item on the checklist is a template that includes a lot of required APA formatting.  Use it every time.  


Everything you need to know is in your APA manual. The bibliography at the end should be formatted in APA style.  Recent versions of Word have a feature that will format the bibliography for you.  The instructions on how to use it are in the Writing tips above. 


Use the APA style of formatting.  If you use a direct quote in your paper, or refer to an original idea that is not your own, you need to cite the source.  Following the quote or the idea, you simply include the author's last name and the date of the source in parentheses.  The source can be a book, journal article, speech, web page, etc.


Example:  "I have a dream" (King, 1963).  You would include the full reference at the end of your paper in the bibliography.


A word about sources:  Use several sources, not just one.  Beware of Wikipiedia.  Some professors will not even allow their students to use Wikipiedia at all.  The concept of this tool is that anyone can post information or change what is there.  The result is that it cannot be assumed to be reliable.  Having said that, I use Wikipiedia all the time.  Often there is a terrific bibliography on the subject at the end of the Wikipiedia entry.  Use Wikipiedia as a portal.  It's a great tool if used for that purpose, but do not depend upon it as your final authority.  So, to be clear, do NOT cite Wikipiedia, but find more reliable sources from bibliographies provided on Wikipiedia pages.


Use the TSU Library link.  From there, choose 'Music.'  A few of my favorites from that page are JSTOR, IIMP (International Index to Music Periodicals) and Oxford Music Online but take a little time to browse the others.  You'll be using these resources throughout your graduate career, so get to know them!


If you have any questions, remember to use the 'Ask Dr. J' forum under 'Discussions.'  Others probably have the same questions you do.


Chapter 1


Assignment 2: 

Choose a culture outside the United States.  Do a little research and find out what their system of music education is like.  In other words, how is music taught?  How is music learned?  How is their system of music education of benefit to their culture?  Do not give me a history of their system of music education, but only what is happening right now.  Synthesize your findings into a paper that is 2-3 pages long (exclusive of cover sheet and references).  Use the checklist below before beginning and before submitting your assignment. The writing rubric that I will use to grade your papers will be available in Blackboard with the assignment.  Check it out!



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Blackboard.




Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment. 

Note:  for the short papers in this course, you do not need to include an abstract (only for your final project).


Submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file Assignment2_YourName (substituting your name, of course ;-)  These papers will be published for your classmates to read after they are graded.  No grades or comments will appear on the papers to be read by your classmates.


Discussion 2: 

Based upon your reading in Chapter 1, answer the following question:


Music is and always was relevant, and so is teaching music. If there were no music classes in schools, people would continue to learn music in other ways. Considering the way we teach in public schools today and the curriculum we use, is that kind of music education in American schools relevant to our culture today? Why or why not?

Note:  Please do not argue whether music education is relevant, but whether the way we teach it is relevant.


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


View your classmates' PowerPoints!

Here is the link:



Week 3 

Lecture:  Philosophies of Music Education


For Assignment 3


Here are some resources to get you started.


Tarleton library online databases


Access to the TSU library from off-campus locations



This is a great place to start.  You can use "aesthetic music education" and "praxial music education" and get articles from peer-reviewed journals in the music profession.  Don't forget to cite your sources and include a bibliography at the end of your paper.



Note:  When you view your papers that I have graded in Blackboard, make sure that you can see my comments written in the margins of your papers. 

If you click the X to the right of "Comments & Markups," you can see the comments connected to the paper more easily. 


Also VERY Important!:  Make a list of the corrections on your graded paper (and do this for EVERY paper).  For example, if I mark that you should have 2 spaces between sentences instead of one, put that on a running list that you will look at before turning in the next paper.  Old habits die hard and it is INSANITY to make the same mistakes over and over.


Chapter 2



Assignment 3: 

There are two philosophies of music education that seem to hold opposite views:  the Aesthetic philosophy vs. the Praxial philosophy.  Search through a variety of sources and write a paper explaining the differences between the two philosophies.  Conclude your paper by justifying your support for one or the other.  Don't forget your cover sheet and references.

Note:  Since your last paragraph will be a person statement, you may use "I" to describe your preference.



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Blackboard.



Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment.


Discussion 3: 

After reading the lecture material for this week, list for your discussion post:

  • List 5 "beliefs" about music education.

  • List 5 "findings" about music education.

  • List 5 "philosophies" about music education.

  • Construct an overall all-encompassing statement that summarizes your philosophy of music education.

(Remember, unless you can prove it, it is not a finding.)


In responding to your classmates' posts, analyze these lists as to whether they are correctly categorized


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


Week 4 

Lecture:  Curriculum in Music Education




Chapter 3

Curriculum Seminars 1-4 (Linked on Lecture page)


Assignment 4: 

Read the 4 documents in the Curriculum Seminar grid.  Pretend that you are writing a review of the curriculum articles for a scholarly journal.  You would briefly summarize or outline the project, note important points, analyze the author's intent, assess the general applicability of the curriculum seminar to classroom application, etc.  In your final discussion/conclusion section, you may interpret, agree, disagree, apply, comment, etc. (do not make personal opinion comments until that last section). The result of your 'review' should be a paper 3-5 pages long.  Use standard APA formatting.  If you have other questions, please submit them in the "Ask Dr. J" forum as others will likely benefit from your inquiries.



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Blackboard.



Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment.


Discussion 4:

The Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Music prescribe what students in Texas should know and be able to do at certain levels.  Many states have similar documents.  Read the TEKS for Grades 5, 8, and 12.  Do you think they are realistic?  Do you think they are possible?  Are the majority of your students at the prescribed level of competency?  If not, under what circumstances would that be possible?  Any other thoughts on the states' position on curriculum and competencies? On your schools' position on curriculum and competencies?


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


Week 5

Lecture:  Learning Theories in Music Education



Your final project will be based on a topic of your choice.

Well, almost . . .

You get to choose from a list of topics that I have chosen!

Here is the link to more information if you would like to get started early:

Final Project




Chapter 4


Assignment 5:

Instead of an assignment this week, please follow this link to the page for your Final Project instructions.  Browse the subject titles and choose your first and second choices that you would like to research for your final project.  Submit those choices in the Assignment tab.  You don't have to attach a Word document.  Just use the comment space.  The reason for having 2 choices is that I want to cover as many topics as possible.  Therefore, I will limit to no more than 2 people per topic.  Everyone will get their first choice unless more than two of you choose the same one.  In that even, we will go to second choices.  If you have a slightly different topic that interests you, but within the umbrella of "Foundations of Music Education," let me know and I will certainly consider it.


Discussion 5: 

Based upon your reading and the lecture for this week, answer the following questions:

  1. Considering Bloom's Taxonomy, do you require your students to utilize higher order thinking skills as much as you would like in your teaching?  Remember that 'exploring' is not 'creating' in the hierarchy of levels of thinking.

  2. What was the result of your own Multiple Intelligence test?  Setting your musical score aside, what were your highest scores/lowest scores?  How do you think your strengths/weaknesses affect the way you teach music? 

Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


Week 6


Lecture:  Teaching in Music Education


Abrahams:  "Critical Pedagogy for Music Education"



Here is a helpful list of journals to use in your research


Music Research Journals



Chapter 5



Work on Final projects


Final Project

Discussion 6: 

Read the article by Abrahams.  One of the innovative notions about this experimental practice as described by the author is that the lessons were not based upon objectives.  After reading the article, share your thoughts about the process described.  Then share a hypothetical example of how you might use that same process in your own classroom situation.


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


Week 7

Lecture:  Recent Developments in Music Education

Regelski:  Music Education for a Changing Society


Chapter 6

Regelski article

Assignment 6

Your Final Project research paper is due Sunday at midnight.


Final Project



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Blackboard.



Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment.  Remember that this paper will require an abstract.


Discussion 7:  

No discussion this week!  Work on your final paper.


Week 8

Now What?





Final Project Critiques

You are responsible for 3 thorough analyses/critiques as part of your Final Project grade.


If one of your classmates wrote on the same topic as you, choose that person as one of your critiques, then also critique the two classmates whose names follow yours below.


If no one wrote on the same topic as you, choose the three classmates whose names follow yours below.


1. Deanna Dale11. Kathryn Faver21. Brett Batchelor
2. Bonnie Oreka12. Kelvin Jordan22. Cory Hiles
3. Amanda Johnson13. Kristin Ellis-Dearborn23. Kelly Martin
4. Jesus Perez14. Esperanza Hernandez24. Shirron Branch
5. Zach Edwards15. Deanna Lariz25. Chris Moix
6. William Young16. Edem Agbottah26. Mario Trevino
7. Stephanie Ellis-Dearborn17. Tracy White27. Tyron Barnes
8. Jac Hernandez18. Joseph Flores28. Abi Parker
9. Heather Hyde Wargo19. Ashley Hogan29. Raul Cisneros
10.Thomas Kennedy20. Jay Brown30. Gina Yant


Chapter 7


Discussion 8 :  Final Project Critiques

Post your final project paper as your original post.


Read your classmates' papers (see instructions to your left for which to read).  Respond to each project separately as a response to their thread and give your assessment of the paper.  Did you learn something you didn't know?  Did the paper draw some conclusions and employ critical thinking within the specified topic area?  Did the paper fulfill all of the requirements of the assignment as outlined on the Final Project webpage?  If it was your responsibility to help each classmate improve this paper, what suggestions would you offer?  Include suggestions related to content, structure, and formatting.  Read the Critique section here for guidelines.


Note:  In reading your critiques, I am looking for what you have learned in the course by what you suggest to others.  If you leave a one-sentence suggestion, I will assume that is all you have learned and you will be graded accordingly.  Consider all of the comments I have left on your papers as a starting point.  Your critiques will be graded as part of your final project grade. Show me what you have learned!

Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Sunday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.



No Final Exam for this course.  When you have submitted everything, you are finished!  However, keep checking in as I will occasionally assign a redo.



Blackboard/Computer Configuration


Be sure and configure your computer BEFORE you need to submit an assignment.  Do not wait until 11:45pm to discover a Blackboard or tech issue!


Do not try to use dial-up access for  links and streaming audio.


For tech problems and questions, go to  Tech Help  or call the Help Desk at 254/968-1960.  They are very helpful and your student fees pay for that service, so use it!  Write this number down and keep it handy.





Submit assignments as  Word documents unless specified otherwise.  Do not try to submit the document without saving it first. 

Be sure and save it to a folder where you can retrieve it later.  Sometimes resubmissions are necessary.


Save the document as Assignment1_YourName.doc (substituting the correct week and correct assignment number and using your own name :-)


Use the Submission Checklist before beginning each new assignment (the APA template is in there) and again before submission (go through it and check off each requirement).


Upload the Word document in the assignment section as an attachment.

Here's the step-by-step submission process:
  1. Click on the ‘Assignments’ tab in the ‘Course Tools’ menu to your left.
  2. Click on the name of the assignment you are submitting
  3. Under ‘Submission,’ click on ‘Add attachments’
  4. Navigate to wherever you have your file saved and click on that
  5. Click on ‘Open’
  6. It will then be attached and will take you back to the Assignment page. You should see the name of your file just above the ‘Add Attachments’ button.
  7. You can add a comment if you like, but it isn’t required.
  8. Click on 'Submit' and you are done.


All assignments should use APA style when citing sources.  Use the author-date method of citation (surname of author without suffixes or titles and the year of publication*).  Whenever in-text citations are used, there should be a reference list at the end of the paper.  Here are some examples of in-text citations:


Early experience contributes to positive results in pitch matching (Adams, 2011).


If the name of the author appears in the text, then cite only the year of publication in the parentheses.

Adams (2011) found that among second grade music students…

When required (direct quotes, statistics, etc.), also provide the page number.

Among those studied, 82% were able to keep a steady beat (Adams, 2011, p. 43).

Note:  Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition.  You will be referring to this manual whenever you have a written assignment that requires citing sources (most of them!).  There are some good online helps that you may wish to use in conjunction with your manual.   Note that in APA style, not all words in the title of your references are capitalized.  Get in that habit!


Occasionally your assignments may be returned to you for a redo or for revisions.  Make your corrections and resubmit through the Assignment section as before.


I require that all paper assignments be submitted to Turnitin.  This is for your benefit, not mine.  I trust that you have integrity and will not intentionally plagiarize others' work.  Turnitin is a tool that can help writers to monitor their own work.  It can indicate whether you are quoting too much or paraphrasing too much, and can therefore help you to make your paper better before submitting it to me in Blackboard.

In order to post your paper to the Turnitin site, you will need to create a profile and join the "Foundations of Music Education" class.

  1. Go to this login page:
  2. Create a user profile (if you already have a profile, just log in to your account and look for the button that says, "enroll in a class.")
  3. Your class ID number is 8100817. Your enrollment password is FOME (clever, huh?).


How to submit your paper:


1. Click on the class name (Foundations of Music Education)

2. Click on the Submit button to the right of the assignment name (first one will be Assignment 2)

3. Select the "single file upload" from the "choose a paper submission method" menu

4. Enter your name for "submission title"

5. Click browse to find the file on your computer

6. Find the file on your computer and click open

7. Click upload

8. Click submit to finalize the submission

A few minutes after submitting, you will get an originality report. Don’t be alarmed if your report shows a low percentage (still in the green). Common phrases and titles will often show a match, as will direct quotes (inside quotation marks).

Look through the report for all matches.  Unless the match is a direct quote that you cite by author and page number, or a common phrase, or a reference or title that is standardized, you should have NO matches.  It is never acceptable to directly copy a sentence or even a portion of a sentence written by someone else without using quotation marks.  Synthesize the information and put it in your own words.  Rewrite those unacceptable matches before you turn in your paper.




 It is very important that you name your file according to the instructions above.  Otherwise, I have to rename each file.  So please take a moment to rename the file before submission if you do not name it as above originally.




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Created and maintained by Vicky V. Johnson