LectureJazz (Part 3)
1945-1955 East Coast
"bebop" was a scat word that described a quick two-note phrase
Bebop (as a style of jazz) was usually very fast, technical, and complex - difficult to play . . . impossible to dance to!
Bebop was more for the musicians than the audience.
Audiences wanted smooth, danceable tunes.
The musicians loved to cut loose on improvisations without so many restrictions.
The best of these musicians were truly virtuosic.
But . . .
Jazz became less commercial.
Shaw 'Nuff listen
Charlie "Bird" Parker
1949-1955 West Coast
Cool jazz was a reaction to Bebop.
(You remember the earlier versions of "Hot Jazz" and "Cool Jazz")
Take Five listen
This song is unusual in that the beats are in groups of 5 instead of the most common grouping of 4
Hence the name of the song!!
Try counting to 5 over and over as you listen to get the feel of the meter.
This is the best-selling jazz single of all time.
Guess that makes it pretty popular!
Your textbook calls it "a jazz version of the prevailing rhythm and blues style in the 1950s."
Bossa Nova was a combination of Cool Jazz and Brazilian influences like the samba.
Girl From Ipanema listen
Miles Davis was a very influential figure in legitimizing rock elements in the minds of the artists within the jazz genre.
If it was ok with Miles,
it must be ok
Watermelon Man listen
Free Jazz listen
Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation
was both innovative and controversial
and provided the name for this type of experimental jazz
less structured and more dissonant than any other type of jazz
(Be sure and look up a definition for "dissonant")
There's no place to go from here!!
Jazz went from enjoying the largest share of the popular audience in the
Swing Era to losing most of its audience as it became more and more experimental, culminating in Free Jazz
but you can still hear all of the styles of jazz played today.
Which is your favorite?
Created and maintained by Vicky V. Johnson